Within the legal frameworks, LVNL provides for safe and efficient handling of air traffic, both at the airport and in the airspace. The air traffic controllers do this in accordance with operational procedures drawn up for that purpose.

The Aviation Act prescribes the maximum permitted noise load that can be generated in the space of one year, a runway operations plan period. In the Act, this is referred to as the Total Noise Volume (TVG) . The Act also provides for the distribution of the noise load over the surrounding area of the airport. This concerns the area with the highest noise load. This distribution takes place on the basis of the enforcement points. The Act also determines the ‘opening times’ of the runways.

A procedure with which the air traffic controllers must comply applies for every conceivable situation. These procedures were drawn up by experts of LVNL. All procedures have been and will be tested in terms of international rules and recommendations. For example, there are rules and recommendations of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and of the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL). The procedures do not operate in isolation. Together with the equipment with which the air traffic controllers work, they form a unit: Man, Machine, Procedure. This three-part unit provides the service that meets high standards of safety and can be assessed in terms of these. The runway system of five long runways and one shorter one, the number of converging runways, the extensive environmental rules and the number of aircraft, with more than 100 to be handled per hour at peak times, make Schiphol a complex airport for air traffic controllers and pilots. The procedures for the use of Schiphol and the surrounding airspace are therefore extensive. For example, there are procedures for every runway combination and for all weather conditions, there are approach and departure procedures and there are procedures for events and incidents. The Aeronautical Information Publication, the guide for users of Dutch civil airspace and the Dutch airports, contains all rules for the use of Schiphol and the surrounding airspace.

These procedures firstly serve the interests of safety. Working with established procedures means that safety is assured. The environmental rules applying for the use of Schiphol are also incorporated in the procedures. These procedures form the basis of the training of air traffic controllers.